Vladivostok, Primorsky Stage, Great Hall

Mazepa

Opera in three acts (concert performance)

Performed in Russian (the performance will have synchronised Russian and English supertitles)
Performance due to have taken place on 20 November
Dedicated to 180 years since the birth of Pyotr Tchaikovsky

Performers

Conductor:

Pavel Smelkov

Mazepa: Edem Umerov (Mariinsky Theatre)
Kochubei: Sergei Pleshivtsev
Lyubov: Laura Bustamante
Maria: Elena Razgulyaeva
Andrei: Alexei Kostyuk
Orlik: Yevgeny Plekhanov
Iskra: Yevgeny Mizin

Credits

Music by Pyotr Tchaikovsky
Libretto by Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Viktor Burenin based on the epic poem Poltava by Alexander Pushkin

Chorus Master: Larisa Shveikovskaya
Musical Preparation: Olga Krukovich

SYNOPSIS

The action is set in the Ukraine in the early 18th century.

Act I
Scene 1
Kochubei’s house and garden.
The girls bring in Maria, Kochubei’s daughter, and take her off to have her fortune told. She refuses: her father has a guest, the hetman Mazepa whom she loves.
Her childhood friend, Andrei the Cossack, knowing of Maria’s secret passion, nevertheless declares his unrequited love for her and begs her to forget Mazepa. Maria, understanding the full recklessness of her feelings, is nonetheless powerless to resist them.
Kochubei enters the garden with his wife Lyubov, Mazepa and the other guests. Kochubei’s servants amuse Mazepa with singing and dancing. Mazepa asks Kochubei for Maria’s hand in marriage. Kochubei and Lyubov are incensed at the old hetman’s proposal – he is Maria’s godfather. The hetman turns to Maria and offers her a choice between him and her parents. After tortuous hesitation, she gives her hand to Mazepa. The hetman takes Maria away.

Scene 2
A room in Kochubei’s house.
Maria’s mother is lamenting her daughter, who has left her father’s home. She urges her husband to take revenge on Mazepa. Kochubei reveals his plan: he has found out about the links between the hetman and Sweden’s King Charles XII and of Mazepa’s proposed betrayal of Peter I, and he resolves to present the hetman to the Russian Emperor.
Andrei is ready to deliver the denunciation to the Emperor. Kochubei’s acquaintances are filled with hatred for the hetman Mazepa.

Act II
Scene 3
A cellar in Mazepa’s palace in Belotserkovsk.
The lying hetman, having been warned of his denunciation by Peter I’s retainers, has succeeded in slandering Kochubei to the Emperor. Bound in chains and having been tortured, both Iskra and Kochubei await interrogation.
Orlik, the hetman’s retainer enters. He demands that Kochubei give up the treasure he has allegedly buried in the village of Dikanka. Kochubei has nothing: his honour has been despoiled and his beloved daughter taken from him by Mazepa.
Kochubei desires one thing only – revenge.

Scene 4
A room in Mazepa’s palace.
The hetman is receiving in secret the ambassadors of the Swedish King. Orlik enters and receives the order to execute Kochubei.
Maria appears. In a talk with Mazepa, she upbraids him for his coldness towards her. Jealous suspicions torment her soul. Unwillingly, the hetman must state the true reason for his coldness, and he reveals the secret plan against the Russian Emperor. Mazepa wants to know whom Maria would choose: her father or her husband, if she was forced to make that choice? In disarray, she speaks of the boundless nature of her love, saying she does not understand the choice Mazepa is offering. Mazepa leaves. Having secretly gained access to the palace, Maria’s mother appears; she tells her daughter of the failed plot against Mazepa, and is stunned that her daughter does not know about the death that awaits her father. Maria and Lyubov hasten to stop the execution.

Scene 5
The road leading to Kochubei’s place of execution.
The people await the appearance of the sentenced men, while a drunken Cossack sings and dances in the crowd.
The executioner appears, followed by Mazepa and Orlik, then Kochubei and his friend Iskra are brought in. The sentenced men bid farewell to one another, to the people and to life and they mount the scaffold. Maria and Lyubov run in. But they are too late. Sentence has been carried out.

Act III
Scene 6
The Battle of Poltava – symphonic scene.

Scene 7
Kochubei’s former home and garden.
The height of the battle, and the Russian warriors are pursuing the Swedes; Andrei is among them. He stops by the roadside and recalls the past when he was happy. Mazepa and Orlik appear. The y have fled the battle at Poltava. Andrei, recognising Mazepa, attacks him with his sword, but Mazepa is too quick for Andrei and wounds him fatally.
Maria appears; she has lost her mind; she recognises nothing around her. Drowning in grief, the girl laments her murdered father.
Orlik and Mazepa hide. Not recognising the dying Andrei, Maria soothes him with a lullaby.

ABOUT THE PRODUCTION

Mazepa, based on Alexander Pushkin’s poem Poltava, was composed by Pyotr Tchaikovsky in 1883. The opera is considered to be his mature masterpiece and brought by critics into line with such operas as The Enchantress and The Queen of Spades. In February 1884 Mazepa was first performed to meet with success so much so that Alexander III decorated the composer with the Fourth Class Order of Saint Vladimir and ordered to stage Tchaikovsky’s previous opera Eugene Onegin in Moscow.

The operatic action takes place in the Ukraine at the beginning of the 18th century. The protagonist is the Hetman Mazepa, a real historical figure of evil reputation who defected to the Swedish King during his war against Russia. However, Tchaikovsky focuses his attention not on political events but on a tragic story of the young Maria’s love for the old cruel Hetman. Her love entails her insanity and a catastrophe fatal to her whole family.

The scaffold and quarrel scenes, large choruses and heroic episodes are found in the opera side by side with songful and lyric arias and duets which prove out the composer’s mastery of melos. The finale is the most notable; it is not a great triumph but a piercing berceuse sung by the insane Maria.

In Vladivostok Mazepa was first staged by Daria Panteleyeva with Anton Lubchenko as an Art Director and Principal Conductor at the Primorsky Opera and Ballet Theatre in June 2015. The opera was only performed twice. This year the opera is to be shown at the Primorsky Stage in concert performance on the occasion of the 180th anniversary of Tchaikovsky’s birth. The primary role of the Hetman Mazepa will be sung by Edem Umerov, a leading soloist of the Mariinsky Theatre. The Primorsky Stage symphony orchestra will be under the baton of Pavel Smelkov, a Principal Conductor. The Russian Navy Pacific Fleet Orchestra will take part in the show.

Natalia Rogudeeva


World premiere: 3 February 1884, Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow
Premiere in Vladivostok: 27 June 2015

Running time: 3 hours 55 minutes
The concert has two intervals

Age category 12+

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