Galina Solovyova was born in Leningrad (now St Petersburg). In 1975 she graduated as a costume and set designer from the Leningrad State Institute of Theatre, Music and Cinema. From 1975 to 1992 she was the resident costume designer at the Kirov Theatre of Opera and Ballet (now the Mariinsky) in St Petersburg. In 1992 she immigrated to the USA. Working with the Mariinsky Theatre, the Bolshoi Theatre and the Mikhailovsky Theatre in Russia, Ballet Internationale, New York City Ballet in the USA, Het Nationale Ballet in the Netherlands and Japan Ballet among other companies throughout the world, she has designed the costumes for over one hundred ballets, operas and theatre productions. These include Otello, Eugene Onegin, Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty, Le Corsaire, The Bolt, The Nutcracker and The Firebird. Her designs for Romeo and Juliet, Semyon Kotko and Swan Lake have toured to New York. In addition to her designs for opera and ballet, Galina Solovyova worked with the Oregon Shakespeare Festival from 1996 to 2001, designing the costumes for Uncle Vanya, Force of Nature, Rosmersholm and Enter the Guardsman.
Galina Solovyova was honoured with a Barrymore Award nomination in 2000; she received a Golden Sofit in 2001 and 2008 and a Nika award in 2001.