Born in Baku, Ayyub Guliyev graduated from the Baku Academy of Music, where he majored in conducting, in 2005 and took up postgraduate studies at the N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory. From 2008 to 2010 he perfected his conducting skills under Prof. Mark Stringer at the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna and under Prof. Johannes Schlaefli at the European Music Academy in the Czech Republic. He attended masterclasses given by such proficient conductors as Daniel Harding, Riccardo Capasso, Yuri Simonov, and Michail Jurowski.
Ayyub Guliyev has appeared at many world-famous venues such as Carnegie Hall, Wiener Konzerthaus, the Grand Hall of the Saint Petersburg Philharmonia, and the Concert Hall of the Mariinsky Theatre. He has collaborated with the world best orchestras such as the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Orchestre philharmonique de Radio France, Wiener KammerOrchester, the Arturo Toscanini Philharmonic, the Saint Petersburg Academic Symphony Orchestra, the Mariinsky Orchestra, the National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, the State Symphony Orchestra of the Republic of Belarus, and others.
In February 2010 Ayyub Guliyev as a conductor took part in the Musical Olympus concert at Carnegie Hall, New York.
In 2017 the title of an Honored Artist of the Republic of Azerbaijan was conferred upon Ayyub Guliyev. He is a recipient of the Presidential Prize and a prize-winner at a number of international competitions including the W. Lutosławski International Conducting Competition in Bialystok (1st Prize and Special Prize, Poland, 2006) and the D. Mitropoulos International Conducting Competition in Athens (Orchestra Preference Award, Greece, 2008). In 2010 he won the top Giuseppe Sinopoli Award at the Arturo Toscanini International Conducting Competition in Parma, Italy.
From 2013 to 2017 Ayyub Guliyev was a Principal Guest Conductor of the Academic Symphony Orchestra of the North Caucasus State Safonov Philharmonic. From 2018 he has worked as a Principal Guest Conductor of the Kunming International Philharmonic, China. From November 2018 he has served as a Principal Conductor and a Musical Director of the Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre.