马林斯基剧院, 大剧场

天鹅湖

三幕芭蕾舞剧

Performers

指挥:

安东·托尔别耶夫

Odette-Odile: Anna Samostrelova
Siegfried: Kanat Nadirbek
von Rothbart: Denis Golov
The Prince’s Friends: Saki Nishida, Lilia Berezhnova, Viktor Mulygin
The Jester: Shunyo Mori

Credits

作曲:彼得·柴可夫斯基
编剧:弗拉基米尔·别吉切夫 、
瓦西里·盖里采尔

编舞:马里乌斯•彼季帕、
列夫·伊万诺夫 (1895)
康斯坦丁·谢尔盖耶夫复排的版本 (1950)

Сhoreographic adaptation — Eldar Aliev
Lighting Adaptation — Sergei Lukin
Costume design by Galina Solovyova
Set design by Simon Virsaladze

SYNOPSIS

第一幕
第一场
王子齐格弗里德迎来他的成年之日,朋友们聚集在城堡里,欢乐起舞。客人们玩得很开心,派对已经热火朝天。仆人告诉齐格弗里德,母后驾到。她出场,高兴地颁给王子成年的标志--一把弩弓,并且提醒王子即将成年,必须承担王室责任,自己的婚姻大事是他必须优先考虑的要事之一。明天王子有责任在晚会上选择未婚妻。黄昏,客人们准备离开庆典。迷失在自己的思绪中,齐格弗里德王子独自一人。陷入沉思的他往湖边去了。

第二场
森林中的湖泊。天鹅上岸之后,一个一个地变成了娇美的婷婷少女。来到湖畔的王子发现了公主奥杰塔,并被她的美貌所吸引。奥杰塔告诉王子,她们是被恶魔罗德伯特施魔法变成天鹅的,惟有坚贞的爱情才能破除邪恶的魔法。王子向公主起誓将永远爱她。奥杰塔提醒王子一定要忠于自己的誓言,否则无法把她们从苦难中解救出来。黎明破晓,奥杰塔和她的同伴变回天鹅回到了湖里。奥杰塔向齐格弗里德告别。

第二幕
第三场
各国的公主云集在城堡的舞厅中,母后告诉王子从中挑选出一位未婚妻。可王子的态度冷淡。此时他心里念念不忘的只有美丽的公主奥杰塔。打扮成骑士模样的恶魔罗德伯特和他的女儿奥吉莉娅一阵风似的飘进了大厅。看着妖艳的奥吉莉娅的动作和姿势,王子不禁心花怒放,误认为她就是自己的心上人奥杰塔。奥吉莉娅趁机又对王子进行了诱惑和蒙骗,王子被貌似奥杰塔的不知身份的来访者迷住了,他深信舞池中的就是他那位天鹅公主。王子向她许下了爱的誓言,并且宣布选择她做自己的新娘。恶魔的计谋成功了,爱情的誓言遭到了破坏。此时,王子眼前浮现出奥杰塔忧伤的身影,他意识到自己被欺骗了。王子极度忧伤地跑到湖边。

第三幕
第四场
夜晚,湖边的天鹅陷入深深的忧伤之中,伤心的奥杰塔回到天鹅湖畔伤心欲绝。齐格弗里德找到奥杰塔请求她的原谅。魔王对王子和公主的爱情大为恼火,愤怒的王子与魔王展开了搏斗,而爱情的力量最终显现,魔王被打败了。爱情终于战胜了邪恶,清晨给人们带来幸福和欢乐…

ABOUT THE PRODUCTION

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was commissioned to create a fairy tale ballet A Lake of Swans in 1875. By that time, the 35-year old composer had been rather well-known: he had composed three symphonies and several operas, however he had not tried his hand at the genre of ballet yet. This was not surprising: at that time, the leading place in the ballet world was assigned to primas and ballet masters, while music played a merely supplementary role in the performance, serving as a background accompaniment for dancing. For this reason, composers regarded this genre as “low” and “second-rate”, and prominent authors rarely took on the task of composing such music.

Being a great admirer of the ballet art, Pyotr Ilyich did not support his colleagues’ snobbery and embarked on his commission with great enthusiasm. He most actively participated in the creation of the libretto of Swan Lake (though it is still uncertain who actually wrote the the original text for the ballet). He seriously explored the specifics of the ballet dance. Tchaikovsky’s friends were surprised to see how scrupulously he went into all nuances of this or that “pas”, trying to understand what music would suit the dancers best.

In 1877 Swan Lake saw the light on stage of the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow. Alas, in this production everything was wrong: Reisinger’s choreography was described by critics as “gymnastics exercises”; due to a silly argument, the leading role was performed not by talented prima ballerina Sobeshyanskaya, but by her substitute - Karpakova; and the orchestra under little-experienced conductor Ryabov failed to cope with the “Swan” script. The ballet was not successful. All that Tchaikovsky could do was to hope that his music for the ballet would be appreciated some day in future.

Not long before the composer’s death, the legendary Marius Petipa and his gifted disciple and follower Lev Ivanov decided to stage a new production of Swan Lake in St Petersburg. The ballet masters considerably reworked the libretto, changed the order of numbers, removed the pathetic wings from the dancers’ costumes, creating the stage image deserving Tchaikovsky’s music. Their 1895 production at the Mariinsky Theatre became the classical basis for all subsequent interpretations. With every new generation of choreographers, Ivanov-Petipa’s Swan Lake is re-thought and enriched with new nuances, being an example of strikingly long life onstage. The Primorsky Stage audience will have a chance to see one of the iconic Konstantin Sergeyev’s versions of their favourite ballet with the legendary sets designed by Simon Virsaladze.

Natalia Rogudeeva


World premiere: 20 February 1877, Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow
Premiere of Konstantin Sergeev´s version: 8 March 1950, Kirov Theatre of Opera and Ballet, Leningrad
Premiere at the Primorsky Stage of the Mariinsky Theatre: 9 August 2016, Vladivostok

Running time: 3 hours 10 minutes
The performance has two intervals

Age category 6+

© 2016 – 2019
The Mariinsky Theatre
Primorsky Stage Information Service
+7 423 240 60 60
tickets-prim@mariinsky.ru
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The highlighting of performances by age represents recommendations.

This highlighting is being used in accordance with Federal Law N139-FZ dated 28 July 2012 “On the introduction of changes to the Federal Law ‘On the protection of children from information that may be harmful to their health and development’ and other legislative acts of the Russian Federation.”